What’s New – Science and Technology

For the month ahead, we shall be looking into the history and the impacts of Science and Technology on the society. These blog articles are targeted at increasing your familiarity and setting you poised for the topic on Science and Technology. By raising the quality and quantity of your general knowledge, we hope these blog articles allow you to formulate sound and convincing arguments in your GP Essay and hence ace the GCE GP A level examinations.

How does science and technology affect our society?

This article is the 4th segment of a 5 part series covering Science and Technology. To ensure seamless reading, you may wish to start from the first segment of ‘How does Science and Technology Affect Our Lives’.

 

The subject of Science and Technology has been the target of many news articles nowadays, and it is without a doubt a concern to many regarding its negative impacts and potential health risks on people. To many parents’ dismay is the way Science and Technology have affected their family bonding and interaction. Science and Technology has been transforming how the society acts and reacts, and has been creating new social norms. In this blog article, we shall be looking into how science and technology have changed our view on values and ethics, our social behaviours and our social relationships.

 

Affect our values and ethics

Values and ethics refer to the moral sensitivity and basic principles that govern a person’s behaviour. In other words, it is a person’s beliefs whether a certain action is right or wrong. Science and Technology has certainly changed the way people do things and this is not without affecting their moral values, when we can see new incidents occurring everyday since the advancement of technology. With the rise of social media, many users have since been cultivating an attention seeking nature, where they start behaving rashly to get as many “likes” as possible. Some social media users outright go against rules in sacred and religious places of pilgrimage, taking pictures where it is prohibited.

Technology in the form of social media and games also seemingly desensitises users’ views regarding violence and even death. In Russia, there was a tragic incident whereby a social media group known as the “Blue Whale Suicide Game” encouraged followers to kill themselves. The horrific tasks posted to followers included self-harming, watching horror movies and waking up at unusual hours, and the tasks gradually became more extreme. This incident led to at least 130 teenagers taking their lives across Russia.

Furthermore, the improvements in medical care has significantly increased life expectancy in many countries. This may have led to many people commiting more dangerous activities due to the assurance of a longer life and available health care, and change their view towards the safety.

 

Affect our social behaviours

Science and Technology have also affected the way we interact with others. With the increasing smartphone penetration, people’s leisure time include more phone browsing and less book reading. It is as if people no longer have hobbies. This addictive behaviour has extended beyond leisure time as well; for some friends and families, meal times do not go without getting interrupted by phone calls and text messages. With more and more people getting their eyes glued to their phone screens, there is lesser face to face interactions between people, to the extent some teenagers find speaking to acquaintances a challenge.

Inevitably, technology has changed the way people socialise. Perhaps, it is the new way people make friends; friendships and even relationships are now formed through social media. People are now able to meet up with friends across the globe with the click of a button. However, therein lies the problem of authenticity. Due to the veil of anonymity, it is difficult for social media users to ascertain the legitimacy of a stranger on the internet. In November last year, a 60-year-old woman fell prey to a fake Singapore Police Force (SPF) website phishing for personal details. She ultimately lost a total of $80,000 after sharing her bank account details and passwords. The Singapore Police Force has since advised members of the public to take caution of such fake websites, and noted that “no government agency will inform you to make a payment through a telephone call, especially to a third party’s bank account”.

However, Science and Technology do not necessarily always have negative impacts. As compared to the past, more people are starting to voice out their opinions and suggestions due to the availability of the veil of anonymity brought by technology. This allows people to receive more feedback and the entire society can improve gradually. Nonetheless, there are always “keyboard warriors” on the web who post unnecessary hurtful comments at others, thinking it is alright to do so.

 

Affect our social relationships

Where technology has led to more screen time, there is definitely a change in the way people interact. For friends and families, relationships can either be strengthened or deteriorated with technology. Technology also has its visible effects to the way the government interacts with its citizens. Nowadays, schemes and interventions are carried out and promoted online given the fact that access to the internet is easy. One good example is the recently implemented “SkillsFuture”. The scheme was introduced in Budget 2017, targeted at providing Singaporean citizens resources and money to upgrade their skills in the increasingly skills-based society. SkillsFuture credit is given out online and Singaporean can register to enjoy the benefits of the scheme.

Science has also improved the status of people in the society. With the increase in medical knowledge and improvements in surgeries, people with disabilities can now feel more included in the society. Nowadays, prosthetic legs and even eyes look more and more realistic, and the capabilities of those formerly disadvantaged can now match those of a normal person. Not only are they more useful and relevant to the society, their misfortunes are no longer looked down upon by the society.

How else can science and technology affect our lives?

Looking at the impacts Science and Technology have on our society, it is not difficult to imagine the impacts it has on other realms as well. Read on to find out how Science and Technology can affect the way people think, people’s relationships as well as the way we work.

 

Psychological

Science and Technology can also affect our psychology; our brains are re-wired to view things in a new perspective. Scientific discoveries and the advancement in technology can have both positive and adverse impacts to our habits and the way we think.

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Personal

Science and Technology affects our personal lives because we are living in an era where every part of our daily lives is intertwined with Science and Technology. It is not difficult to see how technology has changed the way people interact with others. Our personal habits and activities will inevitably change as well.

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Economic

Science and technology also has its impacts on the economy. Where there is an increased use of automation, the relevance of humans in jobs can be threatened and people can face unemployment and difficulty in finding jobs. Economics analysts have put forth their belief that technology may one day make humans obsolete as machineries are not constrained by physical limitations, especially when handling laborious tasks.

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Founder and GP Tutor Simon Ng of GeneralPaper.com.sg is one of the pioneering GP Tutors and has tutored many JC students to achieve academic excellence in General Paper for GCE A Level. He has written many articles on the subjects of General Paper, JC Economics, Management of Business and Marketing. Mr Ng is also known for his coaching in the field of Study Skills for primary, secondary and junior college level.

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